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Queen and Knight vs Queen and Bishop: What Wins? E-mail
Written by WGM Raluca Sgîrcea, IM Renier Castellanos   
Monday, 11 May 2015 00:00

queen and knightIt is a well known concept that the queen and knight team works better than the queen and bishop. All the experienced and strong players are well aware of this strategic nuance. However, at a lower level, even though this concept is told several times, the less experienced players fail to understand WHY and, what's more important: exploit its advantages.

In this article we will try to shed some light into this subject and offer a few well selected examples to help you learn more about this strategic element.

First, let's start by answering some questions:

Why is this important?

While we have to acknowledge that chess nowadays is more concrete than ever, mastering and applying the basic concepts of strategy is still very useful. It will help you decide what positions are good and what positions are to be avoided.

Why Queen+Knight?

This tandem works perfect on the attack on a short distance against the enemy's king – creating mate nets and combined threats.

The importance of the second weakness

In most of the examples we will examine, the strong side always has an extra advantage. It can be a passed pawn or the permanent weakness of the enemy's king. This is important, as it may be the key factor to evaluate correctly the positions with Queen+Knight vs Queen+Bishop.

Now let's have a look at the following examples:

position 1

Our first diagram is taken from the game between Kramnik and Gelfand. Here, Kramnik has an extra pawn and a more active position. We can also see that black has some trouble with his king's security and the black queen is busy blocking the C pawn. It is interesting to see how Kramnik ''forgets'' about his extra pawn and goes for an attack against the black king in order to make progress. We see the Queen+Knight tandem in action.


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position 1

This is an ideal position for white. A blocked pawn structure obviously gives white's minor piece a clear edge. Black's bishop is very passive and the queen cannot generate any counterplay on its own. However, in order to win, white still has some work to do. Anand demonstrates the right plan for white: to infiltrate his queen into the enemy's camp through the light squares. The knight will follow the same path later.


position 3

The position in the diagram above is quite interesting and it shows the battle of knight vs bishop, but with this time with more pieces on the board. We will see how, although the position is very different from Anand's example, Akopian employs the same pattern by penetrating white's position through the light squares which white cannot defend. This led to a direct attack against the white king.


The Queen+Knight does not seem to be an advantage by itself. In order to be considered an advantage, there must always be a second element with influence in the position. Most common factors are: weakness of the enemy's king, passed pawns, weakness of a group of squares that can be accessed.

Therefore, it is important to take these elements into consideration when aiming to outplay our opponents in positions with Q+N. We can conclude that, just as it occurs when evaluating positions with Knight vs Bishop alone, everything depends on other elements in the position.

If you want to improve your chess level, you need to have a clear study plan. If you aim for a dramatic improvement at chessyou need to work on all of the elements of the game in a systematic way:

  • tactics
  • positional play
  • attacking skills
  • endgame technique
  • classical games analysis
  • psychological preparation
  • and much more

That seems to be like a lot of things, and that is. But no worries, we have made it easy for you. Our comprehensive training course covers it all and much more. Sign up for 21 Day Training right now!

About the Authors:

Raluca Sgîrcea

WGM Raluca Sgîrcea is an active chess player and teaching chess for over two years.  European champion U10, winner of several Romanian national championship medals, Woman International Master title since 2011. One Woman Grandmaster norm. Highest FIDE rating 2302.

Renier Castellanos

IM Renier Castellanos is an active chess player and trainer for over 10 years, have worked for Chessbase and done live commentary on several major events, winner of many international tournaments. One Grandmaster norm. Highest FIDE rating 2529.

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Last Updated on Monday, 11 May 2015 09:01


+1 #1 Chesster 2016-02-11 07:35
In my humble opinion, Capablanca's theorem: Q+N > Q+B is comparable to home-field advantage in football. 55% vs 45%.
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